Internet of Things (IoT) is conquering the planet, connecting millions of devices together, simplifying our way of life, and improving our everyday experiences. While it would be fair to say that the concept is still rather new, it has already made a big impact on different parts of our lives.
Since saving the environment is one of the goals most developed countries set for themselves, each innovation is being looked at from the eco-friendly point of view. What does the Internet Of Things have to do with the environment? Can it help us leave a smaller carbon footprint? Let’s find out.
1. Protecting Almost Extinct Species
What does IoT have in common with extinct species? More than you can imagine. IoT technologies help track animals on the brink of extinction and bring them to safety. For example, in Spain, the almost lost Iberian Lynx was re-established thanks to the monitoring and tracking technologies.
Scientists use collars for geo-mapping the location and habits of numerous animals. The information they collect from these wearables is priceless for keeping some species alive.
2. Smart Cities
IoT can help create what we call smart cities. Where all the devices are connected to one network, helping people plan their routes. IT experts believe that in the future, much less fuel will be used to move around the city since IoT can guide the vehicle owner to avoid traffic.
Smart parking will allow drivers to find a free parking spot immediately without driving around looking for one. Such an approach can help reduce our carbon footprint.
3. Smart Thermostats
Today, smart thermostats are widely available for anyone who wants to save money and the environment. These devices are moderately priced and easy to install. They track your preferences and behavior to adjust the temperature in your home accordingly.
For example, when you are at work, you don’t need comfortable temperatures in your home. The device lowers the temperatures and then increases them when you are on your way from work. Or vice versa, depending on the season.
4. Autonomous Cars
In the future, IoT technologies can help people create autonomous cars. The appearance of such vehicles will reduce traffic because they will communicate with each other and understand what others are about it do.
Autonomous cars can allow the traffic to move at one speed, thus keeping traffic and fuel consumption to a minimum.
5. Better Crop
Using smart sensors to monitor the weather, humidity, and other factors which are important to the crop quantity and quality can lead to substantial improvements in the agricultural sector.
For example, farmers could reduce the amount of water they use for watering plants if the sensor could tell them when such moisture is needed.
With the assistance of such sensors, agricultural workers will reduce the strain on the environment by using less water and energy to grow crops. As a result, the cost of food may decrease as well.
6. Stopping Poaching
Rainforest Connection used the IoT technology to listen to the sounds associated with illegal poaching. The sensors allowed discovering sounds of traps, guns, and vehicles in wildlife protection areas.
Since large areas are hard to monitor, motion sensors cameras have saved the day. Besides identifying illegal poaching, they helped find and find rare spices. The disappearing rhinos in Africa have heart rate monitors, cameras, and GPS trackers.
Even though the Internet of Things is highly beneficial for the environment, employing all the devices requires a big amount of energy. Today, many people are working on reducing the IoT energy requirements to make its impact on the environment even more positive.